06 August, 2014

Getting more time out of your laptop battery - Part two

In the previous post we've been talking about some of the more obvious ways to get a few more minutes, or maybe even an extra hour or so, out of your laptop battery. Things like movable components, wireless connections and display brightness all significantly influence how much time you will be able to spend editing your spreadsheets.
Here we will add some of less obvious options that can also help to redirect a bit of electrical juice towards things that you would want to use.

Shut down unneeded applications

If you're anything like me, you will probably have a few applications up and running all the time. The thing is that you may not necessarily perceive them as running, because they will reside in your system tray, all silent and inconspicuous. However all of them are consuming some system resources and with that electricity. What’s more, lots of these applications only make sense when your computer is online. Different cloud storage applications like Dropbox, Box, OneDrive, Google Drive and so on provide you with no benefit when you’re not connected to internet. What they will do, however, is to see if connection is available every so often. And that may actually be more power consuming than if they were connected and idling. Similar story applies also in regards with various communications applications like Skype, Viber, Yahoo messenger and the like. Seek out any such applications that you do not need while offline and close them. If your system is low on memory you may actually speed it up a bit at the same time. Just don’t forget to turn them on, when you’re back online J

Some of the applications that are constantly running can be found in the System Tray

Choose which graphics adapter is in use

Hmmm? What? You may not be aware of this, but lots of newer laptops actually have two graphics adapters. Especially if your laptop has an Intel i5 or i7 CPU. One is a so-called builtin graphics adapter and will be from Intel. The other is typically referred to as a “discreet” graphics adapter, since it’s an addon component and not directly integrated into the system board. Two main manufacturers of these are nVidia and AMD (formerly ATI).
Integrated adapter is typically more than sufficient for any “office” work that you have to do and is not power-hungry. Discreet adapter, on the other hand, can be useful for graphically-intense applications, such as games or other applications that do 3D graphics. But it’s also a power-hog and will drain your battery in no time.
Depending on your adapter manufacturer the process of selecting adapter might differ slightly, but in general you have two options. One is to assign applications to one or the other graphics adapter individually.

AMD driver allows for individual applications to be assigned to a specific graphics adapter
The other is to have the system choose the integrated graphics adapter automatically when you’re on battery power. Second option may be better if your consideration is solely to prolong battery power, but be aware, that it may degrade performance of some applications (especially games).

Choose type of graphics adapter depending on whether you're on battery power or not

Make sure your laptop doesn’t overheat

Some laptops are better at heat dissipation, some are worse. But heat is always a bad thing, on many levels, for a laptop. First thing is that electronic components will run more efficiently when they are cool. If they run more efficiently, they use less power. Also prolonged elevated temperatures can cause damage to internal components and things may start to fail. Second thing is that if your laptop heats up, its internal fan will turn on to cool it down and that will use up additional power. So keep your laptop cool.
How can you do that? Allow laptop to radiate heat. That is most easily achieved if it has least contact with flat surface and most contact with air (providing that the air is cool, of course). There are lots of products on the market that help you do that. There are passive laptop pads that simply enhance the natural airflow or active ones, that have builtin fans. Problem with those things is portability. I personally prefer a set of vacuum rubber feet that you can attach from below and they distance laptop from surface on which it rests, which increases its cooling area.

Cooling laptop feet
Make your CPU run more slowly

This one goes into a similar category as the graphics example above. Namely, reducing the performance of your laptop in order to conserve battery power, while still leaving sufficient amount so that you can do what you need to do.
CPUs today are probably overkill for most tasks, apart from some specialized ones. If you’re running your text-editing or spreadsheet application, then CPU power is one of the last things that you lack for. The problem is, that even if that is so, your CPU may not be aware of this fact. While it is true that CPUs have certain automatic flexibility that allows them to increase or decrease their frequency (and with that how much power they require), they usually do this in a fairly limited fashion in order to provide you with the snappiest experience. So in a battery-extending scenario we would want to throttle our CPU to a level where we can still do our tasks, but have CPU run at a fraction of its maximum rate.
This is something that can easily be achieved by creating or simply modifying a power profile. You know, that thing that you are aware of but have never used?
You can access power profiles either through Control Panel or from the battery icon I the System Tray. 

Power plan selection
There will usually be couple available. Select the “More power options” and then “Change plan settings” on the “Power saver” plan, when a new window opens.

Main Power Options window
On the next screen click on the “Change advanced power settings” and yet another window will present itself.

Advanced Power Options
Now scroll down until you reach the “Processor power management” section. There will be two subsections there, that we’re interested in. They are entitled Minimum and Maximum processor state. By default values will be 5% for Minimum and 100% for Maximum, both when the system is on battery power or plugged in. You will probably want to leave Minimum set to the default value. Maximum value, however, should be decreased. I found that for me 50% works fine, but you may go even lower. Depending on what kind of performance still suits you and how powerful your system is.

Processor power management settings
Once you set the values, confirm them, close all the dialogue windows and in the system tray choose your Power saver profile.

Here we are. With some or all of these approaches you will definitely be able to extend your work (or play) time a bit. That’s always nice on those long flights or on sunny afternoons, when there’s no power outlet around.


28 July, 2014

Getting more time out of your laptop battery - Part one

There are some things that are never available in sufficient quantities. For those of us, who are technology obsessed battery capacity is certainly one of them. I'm not going to write about smartphone batteries here, since it's my firm belief that until miniaturized atomic cells become available, not much will change :-) I will write about laptop batteries and how you can do more work with them, when power plug is not available.

This is going to be a two-part post, since it became a bit lengthy during the writing :-)

There are a few simple and obvious things to take into consideration, when you want to prolong your off-the-electric-grid time:
  • Minimize the amount of components with movable parts
  • Turn down the screen brightness
  • Disable wireless transmissions
Then there is at least one not-so-obvious thing that you can do:
  • Shut down unneeded applications.
  • Choose the graphics card appropriate for your type of work
  • Make your CPU run more slowly

Movable components

Components with movable parts will use more energy than a lot of other things in your laptop. There are two main such components in your laptops: optical drive and hard drive.

Ask yourself how often have you used your optical drive in the last year.Chances are, you haven't. In general we don't burn CDs anymore as we used to. We use USB drives (flash or otherwise) when we need to physically transfer data to someone else. We install software from either online sources or the same USB drives can be used for that purpose as well. And even if you've installed something from a CD or a DVD during the initial setup of your laptop, how often do you need to do it now?
The thing is, that optical drive, even if you don't use it, will still be an active part of your system. It will be checked during the boot of your laptop, to see if there's a bootable media in it. This will also add a few annoying seconds to your boot time. During operation of your system, it will be checked for contents whenever you open your file management application, such as Windows Explorer, or even when you have an "Open" or a "Save" dialogue window open in your Word, Excel or any other application. Every time you do this, a considerable amount of electrical power is spent.

So, if you still have an optical drive in your laptop, consider removing it.

Chances are, you will want to fill up the hole in the side of your laptop with something. There are plastic kits that fit into your optical bay, that are made for just such a purpose. It's possible your laptop actually came with such a thingy. If not it's easy to order one from the Internet and they shouldn't cost more than a few bucks or euro. They usually look like this:

Apart from saving you some electricity it will also make your laptop a bit lighter, as well.

Regarding the standard hard drive, there's not too much to say. If you can afford it, replace it with a Solid State Disk (SSD). For one thing it's going to spend less electricity, because there are no movable read/write heads and no rotating magnetic platters. Another thing is that it will make your laptop feel run much faster than before.

Display brightness

Another, and probably more significant consumer of power in your system is the component that you cannot be without. Your display. The larger it is and the higher resolution it has, the more power it needs. Brightness is also a very important factor. With the screen at full brightness versus minimum one, you can get an additional half an hour out of your battery. That is, of course, an estimate, but not too inaccurate one.

Wireless transmissions 

If you're working on battery power, chances are you're either on the move or you're somewhere where infrastructure is less-than-perfect. In either case it's probably also likely that the work that you have in mind is not of an online sort. If that is the case, then turn off your wireless radios. 
You have at least wireless radio in your laptop, most likely a Bluetooth one as well and maybe even a 3G/4G also. All of these devices are constantly looking for connections. And often, if there are no connections, that makes them look even harder, which takes even more power.

Good solution is to turn them off.

If you are running Windows 8, there is a "Flight Mode" option, that you can enable, by clicking on the network icon in your taskbar and then selecting Flight Mode from the top of the menu. If you don't need wireless but still require Bluetooth, then select the second option from above instead.

That's it for part one. Part two will talk about some less obvious approaches, that may also prove useful.

29 May, 2014

Excel 2010 multiple documents, multiple windows

This one is short but sweet. It has to do with multiple windows and/or multiple monitors.

In my previous post I mentioned that multiple monitors are a very effective way of working. If you have a single widescreen display, then even there multiple windows can be useful. If you have different application, like MS Word and MS Excel, then this does not represent a problem. You open those two applications, put them side by side and go to work.

Word and Excel - side by side on same screen.

Problem is that sometimes you would like to have couple of documents of the same type opened and some applications do not always play nice when we want to do it. As far as MS Office is concerned this has been less and less an issue as the new version have been released. In version 2010 pretty much all components allow you to open different documents in separate windows by default. Except for Excel. In Excel, if you open multiple spreadsheets they will open in the same main window. And you will be hard-pressed to get them side-by-side. Normally you could open two documents in a single main Excel window.

Two Excel spreadsheets in a single window

That, however, doesn't work very well if you want to spread them across separate monitors with different resolutions.
There is a workaround.

In order to open multiple documents in separate windows you first need to open a document, like you normally would. When the document is open you then right-click with the mouse on the Excel icon in the taskbar. There select the "Excel" entry.

Open a new Excel instance

Voila, a new Excel window has just opened. All that you need to do is open that additional spreadsheet in the new window, position it besides the original one and you're good to go.

Two separate Excel windows


03 February, 2014

How to watch Google Photospheres

I'm fairly certain you all know what panorama photos are. If you don't it's those veeery wide photos, that you can take with most of today smartphones and with some digital cameras, that allow you to move from side to side in order to capture wide views of (usually) nature. If you don't have a device that supports this, then you can also use some software tools to make panoramas from multiple overlapping horizontal shots. End results are something like this:
Panorama of Lago Maggiore, north of Italy

Panoramas are swell and perfect. But the only cover some of the story. Google came up with a way to also add all the missing parts, by allowing you to create a sphere photo. Basic idea is the same. You move your camera around and the software stitches it together. Only trick is that you move your camera all the way around. And up. And down.

So now you have a photo that puts you on the spot somewhere and you can rotate to your hearts content. The only problem is that it's a bit difficult to actually view that photo, if you're not an owner of an Android phone.
Sure, someone can send you their Photosphere, as they're called, and you open it on your PC. But you only see this:

The picture is nice, but it's a bit out of shape in lots of places. And it does nothing for your desire to be "on the spot".

Luckily there is a web page called http://photosphereviewer.net/. Smart people there allow you to point your web browser to location on your disk, where you have photospheres that your friends shared with you. And then you can watch them in all their intended glory. And in case you don't have one handy, they have several examples on their page. That's also where the above pic is from.

Have fun,

17 January, 2014

How to locate the browser tab that is source of an (annoying) sound

You're going crazy, but you still cannot find where the sounds are coming from!

It's something that probably happened to everyone of us at some point or other. We have lots of tabs opened and in one of them the designer has chosen to add a component that plays some music automatically. Or starts a video. Or has an add that has to talk to us...
Usually if we open the tab, we'll spot the culprit at that time, mute it and be done with it. But it could happen that we will close the browser (or it will crash) and when we re-open it with all the tabs, we won't have any clue where that cursed sound is originating.

So what to do?

There are multiple solutions to this problem. I'll list as many as I can come up with, starting with most complicated ones (and maybe least useful) and going towards simpler ones.

1. Reload the tabs

This option is fairly complicated, because it involves lots of work, depending on the amount of tabs that you have open.Basically you have to go to every tab and reload it (press F5 to speed up the process). When you reach the tab that is the source of the sound, playback will be interrupted while it reloads and you'll know that you have located the guilty party. Apart from having to go through every tab to find the problem, you may reload some pages where you were doing things and inadvertently loose some data. But sanity is more important, eh?

2. Use Volume Mixer control to disable the sound in the web browser

This option is more of a workaround than the solution. It stops you going crazy, but it doesn't really help you finding which tab is the problematic one. It simply mutes all the sound that the web browser generates. Problem with this is that it will also mute the sound in the tabs of that web browser that may actually be useful to you. It's all or nothing.

You can find the Volume mixer, by clicking on the volume icon in your notifications bar and then clicking on the Mixer link.

3. Youtube? No problem.

Youtube has implemented a useful feature a few months ago. If you're watching a video on  Youtube, the tab where the video is playing will display a well known triangle icon that means play. This helps you to quickly determine which of your Youtube tabs is responsible for the noise. This functionality is browser-independent.

Click to view larger

4. Chrome - all is known ;-)
Since Youtube is Google's subsidiary it's probably not surprising that Google took previous feature and integrated it as a generic functionality into the Chrome web browser. Now any pages that generate sound will have a speaker icon in shown in the tab header which will allow you to spot the annoying web page at a glance.
In the example below three out of five tabs are playing video. However one of the three tabs has the video muted, so the speaker icon only shows up on the two active ones.

Click to view larger

Enjoy some good music and don't loose your mind over it,